Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit, 2022

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will travel to Samarkand in Uzbekistan to attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit, 2022 scheduled between September 15 and 16. However, this will be the first in-person summit after the 2019 summit in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. In addition, PM Modi will “certainly” meet Uzbekistan’s President Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the SCO summit, 2022.

The report said that PM Modi will reach Samarkand in Uzbekistan on September 14 and will return on September 16. After the 2022 SCO Summit, the Presidency of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization will be handed over to India for the next year till September 2023. Moreover, New Delhi will most likely host the next SCO summit.

Other heads of state expected to attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit, 2022 include Chinese President Xi Jinping, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Pakistan Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif, and Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi. Although the government has not announced any bilateral meetings.

Why is Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit, 2022  Important for India?

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit is important for India because, following the Samarkand Summit, India will assume the SCO’s rotating presidency. Above all,  India will hold the office of president for one year, ending in September 2023. In addition,  India will host the SCO Summit next year, which will be attended by leaders from China, Russia, and Pakistan, among others.

Although there is no official word on a bilateral meeting between the leaders, the SCO Summit is substantial because the recent detachment of Indian and Chinese troops at Patrolling Point 15 in the Gogra-Hot Springs area has paved the way for the two parties to integrate at the top level.

About Shanghai Cooperation Organization

Founded in 2001 in Shanghai, the SCO is an intergovernmental organization. Most importantly, SCO comprises Eight Member Nations. The members of Shanghai Cooperation Organization include: China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

Apart from member nations, SCO has Four Observer nations interested in full membership: Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia. In addition,  Six Dialogue Partners: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Turkey. In 2021, a decision was taken to initiate the process of accession of Iran to the SCO as a full member. Moreover, Egypt, Qatar and Saudi Arabia became dialogue partners. Above all, the main focus of SCO is Regional Security issues, Regional Development. Also, to fight against Regional Terrorism, Ethnic Separatism and Religious Extremism.


In conclusion, PM Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping last met in 2019 at the BRICS Summit. However, if the two leaders meet at the summit, it will be the first time since the clashes between India’s and China’s armed forces in Ladakh in May 2020. Moreover, the troops have recently begun to disassociate from the last remaining point of friction, Point 15 in the Gogra-Hot Springs region.

In addition, the disengagement is set to end on September 12th. Above all, at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit, 2022 leaders are expected to talk about the Ukraine war as well as the scenario in Afghanistan under Taliban rule. Also, Foreign Minister S Jaishankar visited Uzbekistan in July to attend the SCO Council of Foreign Ministers conference.

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